Phenomenology Online

A Resource for Phenomenological Inquiry

Ludwig Binswanger was born April 13, 1881, in Kreuzlingen, Switzerland, into a family already well established in a medical and psychiatric tradition. He received his M.D. degree from the University of Zurich in 1907.

In 1911, Binswanger became the chief medical director at Bellevue Sanatorium in Kreuzlingen, a position held previously by his father and grandfather. He had a lasting friendship with Freud, though they had their fundamental disagreements over theory. In the early 1920’s, Binswanger cultivated an interest in Edmund Husserl, Martin Heidegger, and Martin Buber, and turned increasingly towards an existential rather than Freudian perspective. He is best known as an existential therapist.