Phenomenology Online

A Resource for Phenomenological Inquiry

John Dewey (1859-1952), born in Burlington, VT, was a well-known American philosopher of pragmaticism, educator and psychologist. Dewey was Professor at Minnesota (1888-89), Michigan (1889-94), Chicago (1894-1904) and Columbia (from 1904). With C. S. Peirce and William James, Dewey developed the philosophy of Pragmatism as well as being a leading theorist of progressive education movement. Dewey was a founder of the American Association of University Professors (1915), and of the New School for Social Research(1919). John Dewey’s writings and teachings have had profound influences on education in the United States. Dewey’s philosophy of education, pragmatism(also called instrumentalism), focused on learning-by-doing rather than rote learning and dogmatic instruction, the current practice of his day.


Dewey was a very prolific writer. Some of his most popular works are: My Pedagogic Creed (1897), The School and Society (1900) Child and the Curriculum (1902), Democracy and Education: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education (1916), Reconstruction in Philosophy (1920), Human Nature and Conduct (1922), Experience and Nature (1925), The Quest for Certainty (1929), How We Think: A Restatement of the Relation of Reflective Thinking to the Educative Process (1933), Art as Experience (1934), Liberalism and Social Action (1935), Logic: The Theory of Inquiry (1938), Experience and Education (1938), Freedom and Culture (1939).