Phenomenology Online

A Resource for Phenomenological Inquiry

Lacan, Jacques-Marie Emile, (1901-1981), French psychoanalyst. Lacan qualified as a Doctor of Medicine before studying psychiatry under Henri Claude and Gatian de Clerambaut and worked at a special clinic attached to the Prefecture of Police. Lacan was not made a full member of the Societe Psychoanalytique de Paris until 1938 and after disputes with the Societe, led a breakaway faction that eventually became the Ecole Freudienne de Paris in 1964. Lacan’s seminars at the Ecole Normale Superieure which began in 1953 were a focal point for the French intelligentia and are published as Ecrits. The seminars for 1964 were published in English as The Four Fundamental Concepts of Psychoanalysis (1977).