Phenomenology Online

A Resource for Phenomenological Inquiry

Wittgenstein, Ludwig Josef Johann (1889-1951), Austrian-British philosopher, who was one of the most influential thinkers of the 20th century, particularly noted for his contribution to the movement known as analytic and linguistic philosophy. Wittgenstein was raised in a wealthy and cultured family. After attending schools in Linz and Berlin, he went to England to study engineering at the University of Manchester. His interest in pure mathematics led him to Trinity college, University of Cambridge, to study with Bertrand Russel. There he turned his attention to philosophy. By 1918 Wittgenstein had completed his Tractatus and to develop the position reflected in his Philosophical Investigations (published posthumously 1953; trans.1953).


Wittgenstein retired in 1947. Additional works of Wittgenstein, all posthumously published, include Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics (1956), The Blue and Brown Books (1958), and Notebooks (1914-1916).